Vegetable Curry

  • Vegetable Curry (serves 4)
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 2 large onions, peeled and sliced
  • 2 tablespoons medium-hot curry powder
  • 2 cups vegetable stock
  • 4 large carrots, peeled and cut into thin sticks
  • 4 parsnips, peeled and cut into thin sticks
  • 250g green beans, trimmed
  • 1 head broccoli, cut into florets
  • 1 cup low-fat natural yoghurt salt and pepper
  • ½ cup fresh coriander leaves fresh chilli, sliced

Heat a large saucepan, add oil and onion, and cook over a low heat for about 10 minutes until onion is softened. Add curry powder, turn up the heat to medium and cook for 1 minute, stirring constantly to toast spices. Add stock and simmer for 5 minutes. Add carrots and parsnips to the pan and simmer uncovered for 5 minutes. Add beans and broccoli, and simmer for a further 5 minutes.

The vegetables should be tender and the liquid reduced by half. Remove the pan from the heat, stir in yoghurt and season with salt and pepper to taste. Once yoghurt has been added, do not allow mixture to boil, or it will curdle. To serve, scatter with coriander and place sliced fresh chilli on the side, if desired. Serve with 2 tablespoons of steamed fragrant wild, basmati or jasmine rice.

Are Your Microbes Making You Fat?

For years you’ve probably tried diet after diet, eat less, exercise more, count carbs, drink shakes and yet no matter what you do the scales just keep creeping up.

Ironically, most people come to me for weight loss who already eat healthy and exercise, yet they struggle for years to maintain a healthy body weight.

Statistics show a dramatic increase in rates of type 2 diabetes, yet we are investing in weight loss more than ever before. This means, we need to get to the biological causes of why our cells are becoming insulin resistant and develop new late life-interventions to slow the process down (4,7,9).

If you are gaining lots of weight or can’t lose weight even with significant changes in diet or exercise routines, fat loss resistance triggered by microbiome may be the culprit

Passionate about helping people maintain a healthy body weight, I developed MassAttack 20 years ago to determine the biomarkers of what causes weight gain and provide 100% natural strategies to stop, reverse and prevent insulin resistance.

After 20 years of researching, the results are better than what I hoped and everyone who wants to maintain a healthy body weight needs to know this information!

The Facts on Flora

Our guts contain around 100 trillion microbes, collectively known as the gut microbiota. No two people’s microbiomes look exactly the same, and they are a product of what we inherit from our mothers during birth, our diets, environment and lifestyle.

In a pilot study, 26 participants went on a lower-calorie diet high in fruit and vegetables, and some didn’t lose as much weight as others. Analysis of their gut bacteria found participants had different levels of two particular types of bacteria, and one, Dialister, that hindered weight loss.

Many factors can affect your ability to lose weight, including certain health conditions, your dieting and weight loss history, age-related changes and your mother’s diet during pregnancy.

What researchers also found was that some for some people, eating tomatoes can make them fat! This is because tomatoes are one food that spikes insulin levels quite a lot for some people and they need to control the amount they eat. What this means is, the key to long term weight maintenance is to know your microbiome DNA. This is why I’m so excited – these insulin spikes trigger other hormonal problems linked to weight gain it’s a compounded effect and no matter what you do to try to lose weight, your body will fight you all the way. The good news is, you have access to the technology to find out if this is you!

The 3 key steps to turn back the scales are:

  1. Remove the stimulating factors
  2. Identify genetic causes
  3. Inhibit biological changes

1. Remove stimulating factors

Accelerated weight gain in both men and women is triggered by over 120 hidden factors that are modifiable – BUT the current structure for managing weight currently does not screen for these!

Having just one hidden factor can increase body weight by a steady 5kg per year and 1 in 5 people have at least one hidden factor.

This is why I developed the MassAttack assessment screen – an affordable, accessible way to put the stops on hidden factors accelerating biological weight gain.

2. Identify genetic causes

Getting assessed is the first step to take. Knowing how to fix these problems is next and DNA testing provides answers.

Perhaps you’ve already had some genetic testing done through your specialist for genetic mutations like MTHFR or thyroid conditions. What you are unlikely to have been tested for is the interaction between your genes, your diet and how this affects your biological metabolic age.

Microbiome health influences metabolic health in both men and women. It is also implicated in foetal development and impaired diversity is linked to autism spectrum disorder (16).  For starters it influences over 30 genes involved in the uptake and metabolism of nutrients needed for the prevention of conditions linked to weight gain like PCOS, endometriosis and thyroid disorders (1).  This includes the metabolism of vitamins A, C, D and B12 as well as folate, glutathione and coenzyme Q10 (5).  

Other genes play a role in how rapidly your metabolism ages primarily due to their influence on conditions that influence energy conversion like inflammation, mitochondrial function, digestive problems, hormone related conditions and autoimmunity.

In addition, exciting new microbiome DNA testing identifies the influence of specific digestive flora on estrogen production, insulin regulation and thyroid health – all key triggers for accelerated metabolic aging. This means, depending on your microbiome balance, taking an over the counter probiotic or eating more fermented foods could potentially be making things worse.

It also means, whatever you do to improve your metabolism, including dietary choices, taking vitamins or managing your health, can become more effective if you match it to your DNA.

DNA testing is an exciting NEW strategy for rapidly reversing the rate of metabolic decline. Tailoring your diet to your DNA can literally shed around 5 kg per year without trying.

3. Inhibit cellular changes damaging your metabolism

Finally, (this is new information that can make a big difference to conceiving) an amazing researcher at Princeton University – Coleen Murphy discovered cathepsin B proteases increase metabolic aging.

The super exciting part is, advances in genomic herbal therapeutics means you can inhibit, reverse and slow this process.

If you have been trying to lose weight, it’s time to take a new approach. My 3 new and exciting discoveries means you can not only slow metabolic aging but turn back time! It’s exciting. It’s new. People struggling to lose weight should know this!

Remember, the approaches currently promoted to people are eat less, exercise more and decrease carbohydrate intake. It’s far too simplistic and collectively we need to stop thinking this way. Simply waiting for it to happen naturally, following a healthy lifestyle or taking over the counter herbs or vitamins is in some cases helpful, but only skimming the surface and in some cases potentially making things worse.

This approach to improving metabolic outcomes is an absolute game changer. It’s a 100% natural way to stop, reverse and restore the effects of accelerated metabolic aging and if you apply these steps you really can change your path to maintaining a healthy body weight. It’s time to start believing it really is your time to be slim!

Narelle Stegehuis MHSc HM.

Narelle Stegehuis is a leading natural health provider.  Helping people be healthy for over 20 years, Narelle is passionate about natural accelerated age reversal and environmental metabolic health. Narelle provides specialised content for Torrens University and media publications such as New Idea, Woman’s Day and Women’s Fitness magazines. Narelle strives to create community awareness and affordable programs for the management of complex health disorders.

  1. Dadachanji, R., Shaikh, N., & Mukherjee, S. (2018). Genetic Variants Associated with Hyperandrogenemia in PCOS Pathophysiology. Genetics research international, 2018, 7624932. doi:10.1155/2018/7624932
  2. Enciso M, Sarasa J, Xanthopoulou L, et al. Polymorphisms in the MTHFR gene influence embryo viability and the incidence of aneuploidy. Hum Genet 2016; 135(5):555-568
  3. Kollerová J, Koller T, Hlavatý T, Payer J. Vnitr Lek. Hormonal changes in inflammatory bowel disease 2015 Dec;61(12 Suppl 5):5S35-9. Slovak. PMID:27124970
  4. Lauretta, R., Sansone, A., Sansone, M., Romanelli, F., & Appetecchia, M. (2019). Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: Effects on Endocrine Glands. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10, 178. doi:10.3389/fendo.2019.00178
  5. Nazki FH, Sameer AS, Ganaie BA. Folate: metabolism, genes, polymorphisms and the associated diseases. Gene 2014; 533(1):11-20
  6. Poppe K, Velkeniers B, Glinoer D. Thyroid disease and female reproduction. Clinical Endocrinology [serial online]. March 2007;66(3):309-321. Accessed July 19, 2017
  7. Shah S, Leffler D. Celiac disease: An underappreciated issue in women’s health. Womens Health (Lond Engl) 2010;6:753-766.
  8. Templeman N, Lou S, Kaletsky R, Ashraf J, Keyes W, Murphy C. Insulin Signalling Regulates Oocyte Quality maintenance with Age via Cathepsin B Activity. Current Biology March, 2018.
  9. Baker JM, Al-Nakkash L, Herbst-Kralovetz MM. Estrogen-gut microbiome axis: Physiological and clinical implications. Maturitas. 2017 Sep;103:45-53. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.06.025. Epub 2017 Jun 23. Review.
  10. Lee CJ, Sears CL, Maruthur N. Ann N Y  Gut microbiome and its role in obesity and insulin resistance. Acad Sci. 2019 May 14. doi: 10.1111/nyas.14107. [Epub ahead of print] Review.
  11. Jin Y, Wu S, Zeng Z, Fu Z. Effects of environmental pollutants on gut microbiota. Environ Pollut. 2017 Mar;222:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.045. Epub 2017 Jan 11. Review.

The effect of antibiotics on weight gain

Antibiotics are a very important part of current medical treatment, but science is discovering the overuse can have unintended consequences that can impact gut health and trigger weight gain in some people.

Antibiotics have saved millions of lives by reducing or removing pathogenic bacteria. However, we are now learning that overuse of antibiotics can have the unintended consequence of also reducing or removing resident bacteria, important for gut health, metabolic functioning and the way we metabolize our food. This can lead to resistant weight gain, – meaning you just keep gaining weight.

35 percent of people give up on their #weightlossgoal before the month ends – not due to a lack of time or willpower – they are weight loss resistant. With the right help they can beat it.

Antibiotic effects on the gut microbiome and resistant fat

Antibiotics come in many different forms, some targeting a wide range of bacteria (broad-spectrum), while others targeting only a few types of bacteria (narrow-spectrum). Broad-spectrum antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed and their use has been observed to have several impacts on gut health, and resistant fat including:

  • reducing microbial diversity in the gut1–5 involved in glucose metabolism
  • reducing protective species such as Bifidobacterium spp.1,2,6 triggering inflammatory cell release associated with fat cell production.
  • promoting the colonisation of opportunistic pathogens such as Clostridium difficile that can cause antibiotic-associated diarrhea7–9

In infants and young children, antibiotic use can be linked to an increased risk of asthma and weight gain1,10.

In a healthy gut microbiome, the resident microorganisms help protect against invasion by opportunistic pathogens through a process called colonisation resistance. This involves different methods to inhibit pathogens, such as:

  • producing anti-microbial compounds
  • outcompeting pathogens for space in the gut
  • maintaining the mucus layer so pathogens cannot reach intestinal cells
  • training the immune system to respond to pathogens11,12

When the resident gut microorganisms are reduced during antibiotic use, these protective functions may stop occurring and provide an opportunity for pathogenic bacteria to colonise which triggers a cascade of metabolic problems linked to weight gain.

Recovery of the gut microbiome

After an antibiotic course, recovery of the gut microbiome can take some time 2,3,13–16. However, these studies have also shown that even after two to four years, some bacterial groups do not recover completely and antibacterial resistance genes can also persist at increased levels for at least one to two years following antibiotic use13,14,16,17 creating metabolic changes that cause weight gain. Therefore, even a short course of antibiotics can have long-term effects on the gut microbiome and make maintaining a healthy body weight challenging.

Improving gut health after antibiotics to fix your metabolism

A good general strategy to improve gut health is to make sure you feed your gut microbiome foods that will allow your beneficial resident microbiota to grow back. This means eating a wide variety of foods that are high in fibre and plant polyphenols such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and whole grains22.

If you have gained weight after taking antibiotics or struggle to #loseweight you need a targeted approach to accelerate weight loss

Most people who struggle relentlessly with their weight are dealing with a systemic imbalance that is physiologically blocking weight loss. This is known as weight loss resistance, which urges your body to hang on to extra weight – no matter what diet or exercise measures you take. We know this situation is extremely frustrating, and while there is good reason for it, there are also effective solutions.

I became ill with a chest infection on my holiday and needed antibiotics. They did their job which was great. However, I gained 20kg in 12 months and couldn’t get it off. It was frightening. Working with Narelle was the only way I could get back on track again. I’m back to my 72kg, healthy and happy.

Marina Stogianis – Melbourne

References

  1. Katri Korpela, Anne Salonen, Lauri J. Virta, Riina A. Kekkonen, Kristoffer Forslund, Peer Bork & Willem M. de Vos Intestinal microbiome is related to lifetime antibiotic use in Finnish pre-school children Nature Communications volume 7, Article number: 10410 (2016)
  2. Mamun-Ur Rashid, Egijia Zaura, Mark J. Buijs, Bart J. F. Keijser, Wim ard, Carl Erik Nord, Andrej Weintraub Determining the Long-term Effect of Antibiotic Administration on the Human Normal Intestinal Microbiota Using Culture and Pyrosequencing Methods Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 60, Issue suppl_2, 15 May 2015, Pages S77–S84, https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/civ137
  3. Egija Zaura, Bernd W. Brandt, M. Joost Teixeira de Mattos, Mark J. Buijs, Martien P. M. Caspers, Mamun-Ur Rashid, Andrej Weintraub, Carl Erik Nord, Ann Savell, Yanmin Hu, Antony R. Coates, Mike Hubank, David A. Spratt, Michael Wilson, Bart J. F. Keijser, Wim Crielaard Same Exposure but Two Radically Different Responses to Antibiotics: Resilience of the Salivary Microbiome versus Long-Term Microbial Shifts in Feces Amarican Society for Microbiology 10th November, 2015 DOI: 10.1128/mBio.01693-15

HbA1c Testing & Weight Loss

Ready to lose weight naturally? Learning how to manage your blood glucose levels is fundamental to maintaining a healthy body weight. There are two main methods of monitoring blood glucose levels: regular blood sugar tests and an HbA1c test.

An HbA1c test will usually be taken at intervals of three, six or 12 months. The result gives a good guide to how well controlled your blood glucose levels are over a period of two to three months leading up to the test. This allows you to see whether you’re on the right track or how close to being on the right track you are.

Blood glucose testing tells you what your blood sugar level is at the precise time you test. Regular testing can be very useful for analysing which factors affect your blood sugar levels and by how much.

What can we learn from an HbA1c test?

The target HbA1c value for people with type 2 diabetes is 6.5% or 48 mmol/mol.

If you get an HbA1c result at this level or below, you’re on the right track with your diabetes control.

If your HbA1c result is above this target, there is room for some improvement. You may need to incorporate a little more activity into your week, make some changes to your diet or ask your doctor to prescribe a different form of medication.

If there’s one criticism of HbA1c, it’s that it doesn’t always make it easy to work out which individual changes are the most effective for lowering your blood sugar levels or which elements of your lifestyle are having a negative influence.

Restart For FREE

After 20 years, I know weight loss is not easy! And trying to lose weight on your own is challenging.

That’s why I’m here to help.

Getting your health back on track after life events, busy work schedules or a bout of poor health can be a struggle. Especially when battling cravings, emotional eating and stubborn weight that won’t budge. My evidence-based approach to losing the weight means you not only lose the kilos but keep it off.

With my support and guidance, you control hunger, regain control of your eating habits and lose the weight you have always wanted to shift. 

If it’s time to make your health and well being a greater priority in your life and lose a little or – a even a lot of weight, then getting in touch with me is the best way to get started.

Break through the confusion of what weight loss program is best for you. The truth is, there is no one size fit’s all approach. There are over 120 hidden factors that slow your metabolism and trigger weight gain and leaving these unmanaged means your body will fight you 100% of the way.

So if you have tried everything including low carb, high protein, low fat, Atkins, Paleo, Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig, Lite N Easy, Michelle Bridges, Hello Fresh, Intermittent fasting, Meal replacements – or are exercising – and the weight won’t budge, then it’s time we had a chat.

So, what does the research say?

Research tells us that the best way to lose weight is to get assessed, have a tailored program individual to you and to learn how to keep it off naturally. This is what I do and why working with me gets results.

When you work with me, I’ll do a comprehensive 100% natural metabolic assessment and tailor a weight loss program to you based on the best available evidence and your lifestyle and dietary preferences.  Your dietary program will be designed to help you achieve rapid and safe weight loss, naturally.

The best part is, I’ll teach you how to self manage your weight, so you can break free from needing powders and pills to maintain a healthy body weight.

If you are ready to improve your physical well being and take the first steps towards a healthier you, Now is YOUR time. 

Many people who are looking for help with weight loss, don’t know where to turn. Some might even be wondering if a weight loss coach is for them. Here is what you can expect when you work with me.

The first consultation is dedicated to finding out all about you. I’ll look at your journey so far, search for hidden triggers and causes like health conditions, medications or genetics.

I’ll measure the rate you store fat, how slowly you lose it, work out how to improve it and teach you how to manage it to avoid cardiovascular disease and accelerated aging.

I look to support underlying health conditions that are contributing to weight gain, and detect any underlying conditions such as Thyroid disorders, Anxiety/Depression, Sleep apnoea, PCOS or poor microbiome health.

In clinic consultations available in Melbourne

If you are attending my clinic in Melbourne, I also do in-depth body composition analysis to ascertain your starting weight and muscle mass, which helps guide us in determining your target weight goal.

I’ll weigh and measure your body for weight loss and assess your metabolic markers associated with insulin resistance (BMI, fasting glucose, HbA1c1) and triglycerides so you can see your metabolism and health improving.

Whether you choose to work with me over the phone or in clinic, I am here to guide you every step of the way with tips to control cravings, dietary advice, exercise programs and my new and highly successful “Microbiome” Program – developed to overcome the most resistant weight gain.

The good thing is, when you work with me it doesn’t stop when you reach your goal! This is my most important work – lifelong weight maintenance. I’ll help you keep the weight off and stay on track.

With the one-on-one support… when you work with me, long term weight loss and weight maintenance is possible! 

Restart MassAttack in Spring for FREE* – Start your assessment now!

https://www.massattack.com.au/f_form.php

Enter the code D2XQTN to waiver the $99 assessment fee.

*Additional Fees and charges apply to in clinic sessions. Call 0425969344 to book.

3 Steps to Lose Weight By Clearing Blocked Emotions

As a practitioner in women’s health for over 20 years, I’ve explored the topic of weight from an entirely different perspective, focusing on where unwanted weight comes from, and why it’s so hard to shed unwanted kilo’s. Although, undeniably, diet and exercise play a big part in how we manage weight, the why of the matter is a different story. This can include hormones, digestive problems, pain, stress and so many more. In fact did you know there are over 120 hidden causes of weight gain in women?

Today however, I want to focus on emotions – in particular anger. Energetically speaking, I like to say that the first step in overcoming your battle with excess weight is to be open to the possibility that it’s “an inside job,” with repressed emotions at the heart of it.

By far the most important factor concerning weight loss has to do with difficult emotions. These could be the result of childhood trauma, divorce, illness, job loss, or the death of loved one. Repressed emotions can affect the body in various ways.

  • If you need to grieve but don’t, it can present as lung problems
  • Anger or bitterness that you don’t let go develops into areas like the liver and gall bladder
  • A broken heart that is never mended can result in cardiovascular problems
  • Abuse (sexual, physical, or emotional) often shows up as extra weight – unconsciously gaining weight for protection

After a lifetime of working with women in workshops and online courses, I know that unprocessed emotions are one of the leading causes of weight gain.

So what’s the secret to unblocking the emotions and letting go of the habits that cause you to retain and gain weight? You can start by getting in touch with your feelings.

Use this 3-step technique to allow you to get in touch with those old, stuffed down feelings so you can start the process of healing them:

  1. Relax – When you are in a state of relaxation for ten minutes or more, you have a chance to get in touch with feelings
  2. Face the old traumas – Know that it isn’t necessary to remember an event in order to heal from it.
  3. Journal about the emotions that surface – Give them a name: jealousy, anger, guilt, disappointment, regret, then focus on letting them pass harmlessly through you without attaching.

Now that you’ve taken time to clear out the old emotions that have blocked you, perhaps for decades, keep the energy flowing on a daily basis by acknowledging new emotions as you experience them.

These simple steps of “emotional hygiene” will keep you happy and help you keep your weight where you want it. If you’d like to learn more about how to release unwanted emotions and behaviors trapped in you, or provide your body with natural support to overcome anger, I invite you to get in touch.

You can email me at narelle.stegehuis@massattack.com.au or by sms 0425 769 344 to arrange an appointment. When you learn how to free trapped emotions, you experience a complete shift in what is possible for you.

Probiotics Weigh In Against Obesity

Obesity – The Struggle Is Real. If you have trouble maintaining a healthy weight and the number on the scales keeps inching up, you are not alone. In fact, as many as 63% of Australians (1) and over 65% of New Zealanders (2) are overweight or obese. Not just a cosmetic concern, obesity is associated with a wide range of health and metabolic conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, blood sugar imbalances, diabetes and early onset dementia. The potential economic burden to the Australian government is catastrophic.

Almost 2 in 3 Australian adults (63%) were overweight in 2014–15, similar to 2011–12. Why is this so? Exciting new research proves we are metabolically diverse – for some even the humble tomato can tip the scales. #loseweight

The Magnificent Microbiome

Over the last decade or so there has been enormous interest in the microbiome – the billions of microbes that live on and in the body. Researchers continue to discover how the microbiome influences numerous aspects of our existence, including the risk of becoming obese, developing metabolic imbalances and triggering hormonal problems. For some even the humble tomato can trigger weight gain or inhibit weight loss. The good news is, we have the technology to test microbiome diversity and tailor your diet to match. This means you stop making the wrong dietary choices and start to maintain a healthy body weight

Over 1 in 3 Australian adults (34%) had high blood pressure in 2014–15—a slight rise from 32% in 2011–12 Maintaining a healthy weight reduces cardiovascular disease risk. #Microbiome strains trigger weight gain and CVD risk

Bacterial Balance Influences Weight

Of the many microbes resident in the gut, some are able to extract more energy from food than others. However, if you have too many of these bacteria (known as Firmicutes), then the body tends to store away this extra energy as fat, contributing to weight gain. If on the other hand, you have more of a different type of bacteria (called Bacteriodetes) then less energy is extracted from food, less fat is stored, and you are likely to be leaner. Restoring balance in the microbiome can help support healthy weight maintenance.

Probiotics to The Rescue

Probiotics (specific strains of beneficial bacteria) can positively influence the gut microbiome and health. Two strains in particular have been found useful in helping to control weight gain: Bifidobacterium animalis ssp lactis (B-420™): As well as reducing fat mass (particularly belly fat and waist circumference), B-420™ has also been shown to support healthy blood sugar levels and to reduce the ‘yo-yo’ weight regain often experienced after weight loss. Bifidobacterium animalis ssp lactis (HN019™): This probiotic strain can reduce fat storage, body mass index (BMI), and lower levels of unhealthy cholesterol. HN019™ is particularly beneficial for those with metabolic conditions.

Almost two-thirds (63%) of the population aged 18 and over are overweight or obese (36% overweight, 28% obese) [1]. Only one-third (35%) of Australian adults have a healthy body weight. Stop weight gain, restore health and live a longer, healthier life.

Daily Steps Towards a Healthier Weight

What you do daily matters! Incorporate healthy habits into your life to support healthy weight: Choose wholefoods and protein (e.g. meat, fish, tofu) with main meals, while minimising sweet, fatty, fried and fast foods. Move more. Go for a walk at lunchtime, take the stairs, spring clean the house, get into gardening, or walk the dog. There are millions of ways to move – whatever the way, just do it! Ensure you get a good night’s sleep, ideally 7 to 8 hours. Being well rested will ensure you are not looking for extra energy from food.Set yourself up for success by setting specific, measurable and achievable goals and meet them!

Part of a Bigger Plan

While probiotics can be purchased over the counter and including prebiotic foods into your diet are good for many, in some individuals this approach may may make things worse. If you are struggling to lose weight, you have weight loss resistance and it’s important to get to the cause.

Maintaining my weight was always a battle – ever since childhood. Over the years I think I’d spent enough to buy a small apartment on shakes, diets and gyms – yet to lose just 5kg was a battle. Working with Narelle was an absolute game changer.

Mandy Johns – melbourne

1 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Risk factors to health [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Government; 2017 [updated 2017 Aug 7; cited 2017 Sept 21]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/biomedical-risk-factors/risk-factors-to-health/contents/risk-factors-and-disease-burden

2 Ministry of Health. Understanding excess body weight: New Zealand health survey [Internet]. Wellington: Ministry of Health; 2015 [cited 2018 Sep 3]. Available from: https://www.health.govt.nz/publication/understanding-excess-body-weight-new-zealand-health-survey